Article 1: Definition
Savate is a sport of combat between two opponents moving within a limited space, each attempting to touch targeted areas of the opponent’s body with designated surfaces of the feet and fists according to precise technical rules and principles of execution. Each opponent’s goal is to touch the other with without being touched in return.
Article 2: Basic Principles
Savate techniques should be educational, esthetic and efficient.
Article 3: Methodology
Savate is based on techniques developed in the 19th century in France by diverse precursors, including the Lecourt brothers and the methods of Masters Julius and Charles Charlemont.
Article 4: Mechanics and classes of Savate kicks
4.1 Three kicking mechanics
1) whipping with the snapping recoil of a scourge or whip
2) thrusting with the direct drive of a piston or rod‐and‐piston
3) digging with the circular force of a shovel or brush
4.2 Six classes of kick
1) round kick: whip (foutté)
2) reverse kicks: whip (revers foutté) For kicks round kicks and reverse kicks the hips must be turned to the side at the moment of contact and the final trajectory must be lateral.
3) thrust kicks: thrust (chassés)
4) reverse sweep kicks: dig (revers balancé)
5) low sweep kicks: dig to strike or unbalance (coup de pied bas)
6) gathered reverse kicks thrust then sweep (revers groupé)
Article 5: Technical description of Savate kicks
5.1 Round Kicks (fouttés)
• Round kicks are delivered from an arming position in which the leg is held on either side of the center line at middle or high elevation; the thigh extends away from the trunk; the calf is flexed toward the hamstring; the point or top of the foot is extended.
• To strike, the lower leg extends from the hamstring in a whipping motion. At the moment of impact the hips are turned sideways in relation to the impact.
5.2 Reverse Kicks or “Hook” Kicks (revers fouttés lateraux)
• Reverse or hook kicks are delivered from the leg carried in front of or behind the baseline, middle or high, with the sole of the foot extending in an initial circular movement from inside to outside.
• At the time of impact, the leg flexes inward causing the sole of the foot to smack the target in a reverse whipping movement. The hips are oriented sideways in relation to impact.
5.3 Thrust Kicks (Side or Front) (chassés lateraux ou frontaux)
• Thrust kicks are delivered from the leg carried in front of or behind the baseline, middle or high, with the foot flexed with a “piston–like” motion.
• The arming position for a thrust kick requires flexing the front of the thigh toward the trunk, bending the knee and flexing the foot.
• Hip and leg extend simultaneously on a straight path to impact with the heel on a straight path and hips are oriented either to the side (side thrust kick) OR upright (front thrust kick).
• For the front thrust kick the striking surface may be the tip or the sole of the shoe; the extension of the foot is executed at the same time as the extension of the hip and leg.
5.4 Reverse Sweep Kicks (revers balancé)
• Reverse sweep kicks are delivered from the leg carried in front of or behind the baseline, middle or high with a circular movement of the striking limb from the inside to the outside.
• The lower limb remains fixed and the strike is made with
the sole of the shoe if the hips are turned to the side OR with the outer edge of the foot if the hips are facing forward. In all cases, the foot is in extension when striking.
5.5 Low Sweep Kicks: Striking or Unbalancing (les coup de pied bas de frappé et de d’éséquilibre)
• Sweep kicks are carried forward or backward with the inside edge of the foot extending to strike the opponent’s front or rear leg below the line of the knees with a sweeping movement.
• For the striking sweep kick the kicking leg moves on a straight path from back to front and a slight bending of the knee is allowed since the kicking foot does not rise above the knees of the opponent.
• For the unbalancing sweep kick the kicking leg can move on a curved lateral trajectory from outside to inside.
5.6 Gathered Reverse Kicks or “Hook” Kicks (revers groupé)
• Gathered reverse or hook kicks are delivered from with leg carried in front of or behind the baseline, middle or high, with the sole of the foot extending in a movement initially identical to the side thrust kick but which ends with the flexion of the calf toward the hamstring as seen in the reverse round kick to cause the sole to “smack” the target.
Article 6: Mechanics and classes of Savate punches
6.1 Two punching mechanics
1) Straight: direct delivery
2) Curved: circular delivery
6.2 Four classes of punch
1) directs strike on a straight trajectory.
2) hooks combine a curved trajectory and a direct delivery.
3) uppercuts combine a curved trajectory and a direct delivery.
4) swings strike on an indirect or off–set trajectory.
Article 7: Technical description of Savate punches
Punches are strikes delivered with either hand to the anterior and lateral surfaces of the opponent’s head and torso. The only allowed striking surface is the leading surface of the fists: the head of the metacarpal and first phalanx of the 2, 3, 4, and 5 fingers.
These are punches applied by a piston movement of the arm: the trajectory of the fist is straight.
These are punches with a movement that combines curved and linear movement: the trajectory of the fist is more or less circular and lateral.
These are punches with a movement that combines curved and linear upward movement: the trajectory of the fist is more or less circular and upward.
These are punches with a wider curving movement: the trajectory of the fist is widely circular.
Article 8: Savate dodges and parries
Dodges (equives) are movements or movement designed to avoid kicks or punches by removing the target area from the trajectory of the strike. Parries (parades)are movements executed with the upper limbs to protect the target from kicks or punches.
8.2 Categories of dodge
There are three categories of dodge:
1) a full evasion involves shifting both supporting legs.
2) a partial evasion involves shifting one supporting leg.
3) An evasion in place involves shifting the target off the trajectory of the blow without moving the legs.
8.3 Categories of parry
There are three categories of parry:
1) a stop parry prevents the strike by blocking its movement.
2) a deflecting parry follows or pushes the shot to deflect its trajectory.
3) a protective parry shields the target by covering it.
Article 9: Savate permissions and prohibitions
9.1 Permitted targets
1) For kicks it is permitted to target and touch:
a) The front and sides of the head,
b) All sides of the trunk and lower limbs.
2) For punches it is permitted to target and touch:
a) The front and sides of the head,
b) The front and sides of the trunk.
9.2 Also permitted
• Kicks that jam or sweep the legs of the opponent are permitted.
• Jumping kicks (kicks delivered after a jump to approach the opponent) are permitted.
• Spinning kicks (kicks delivered after a rotation of the kicker’s body) are permitted.
9.3 Forbidden targets
1) For kicks it is prohibited to target and touch:
a) Genital triangle
c) Back and top of head
d) Chest, for women
2) For punches it is prohibited to target and touch:
a) Below the belt line (boundary formed by the iliac crests)
b) Chest, for women
The techniques and targets described in the preceding paragraphs are those authorized for Savate competition. All other types of moves and techniques are prohibited.
9.5 Prohibited: predominance of punching It is prohibited to employ predominantly combinations
comprised only of punches relative to the volume of combinations comprised only of kicks and combinations comprised of both kicks and punches.
9.6 Prohibited: support with the hands
Placing the hands on the ground or on the ropes in order to hit is prohibited.
9.7 Also prohibited
It is prohibited:
a) to deliver blows by holding the opponent.
b) to use wrestling moves to seize the opponent
c) to push or pull the opponent
d) to parry with the shins
e) to use prohibited techniques, even out of range
f) to crush the opponent's feet.
9.8 Prohibited: dangerous manner
It is prohibited to proceed in a dangerous manner, such as with the
head down or holding the knee up.
9.9 Prohibited: striking a downed or tangled opponent
It is forbidden to strike:
a) an opponent who is down or in the process of rising
b) an opponent entangled in the ropes.